There are many misconceptions about what HIV is, yet it is one of the deadliest diseases known to man these days. According to Global Statistics, there are 1.7 million individuals worldwide that are infected per year. HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is actually not a disease but a virus. The virus itself causes AIDS or Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Mobile phones, skin, chairs, water and even the air we breathe consist of millions of bacteria which is filtered by our immune system consistently. What AIDs do is destroy our immune system, thus exposing us to diseases and infections that ultimately kills us.
- 1. One of the signs of HIV is rapid weight loss without a known cause. As time progresses, the virus continues to spread throughout your bodily systems. This actively triggers the accumulation of white blood cells (or immune cells), constantly expending energy to resist bacterial infections from progressing further and worsen.
- 2. Fever or fatigue. The accumulation of immune cells leads to inflammatory responses causing radiating pain and increase in temperature. The infected cells are also equally responsible as they continue to proliferate or produce the virus that has hijacked it’s cellular replication system. Viruses proteins and DNA are being produced and assembled to continuously infect other cells until the host dies.
- 3. Sore throat, cough, sickness, aching muscles, and other common infections. Although your body is producing cells, the virus will not allow your immunity to maintain on a stable level. After a while, various sicknesses and infections become more common as a sign that the AIDs is worsening.
- 4. Purple spots, bruising or bleeding from orifices is another common symptom of HIV/AIDs patient. These are not related to trauma or anything prior that may occur upon infection of HIV. Bleeding could occur as easily from brushing one’s teeth while bruising are symptomatic of immune system overworking the defense mechanism.
- 5. Lastly, swollen nodes behind your neck (a lump forming behind the back of the ear lobe) or groin areas are one of the obvious symptoms. These are some of the spots that are very significant in early detection to late infection, Lymph nodes are a region when the immune cells are being regularly accumulated, where it actively fights off infections or diseases. You can feel the lumps with your bare fingers.
It is unfortunate for you, loved ones or anyone to suffer from such a chronic disease. Our understanding of HIV and research efforts in finding a cure it still in progress. Though, there are many safety precautions you can make as a HIV carrier, AIDs infected patient or an uninfected individual from further spreading the disease. As prevention is better than cure, start following safety precautions as your lives are your responsibility. Going for regular medical checkups are also a recommended practice to those who are sexually active. Studies shown that the highest rate of occurrences of HIV is between 20 to 24 years of age followed by 13 to 24 years old.